List of Tables
Table 1. Bullets and fragments received by the FBI.
Table 1a. The number of fragments reported for Q9, in rough chronological order.
Table 2. Hypothetical concentrations of antimony in one test bullet and four possible sources.
Table 3. The 2-σ version of Table 2.
Table 4. Hypothetical concentrations of antimony in one test bullet and five possible sources.
Table 5. The FBI’s optical emission spectroscopic data grouped by analytical run (numerical data in ppm).
Table 6. Two examples of (non)reproducibility in the FBI’s OES data (numerical data in ppm).
Table 7. The OES data grouped by bullet (according to the later NAA results).
Table 8. Partial listing of the FBI's optical emission spectroscopic data, ppm, from Table 5.
Table 9. Partial listing of the FBI's optical emission spectroscopic data, ppm, from Table 5.
Table 10. Nuclear properties of the radionuclides used in the FBI’s NAA.
Table 11. Bullets and fragments analyzed by the FBI with NAA, including replicates.
Table 12. The FBI’s results for silver and antimony in bullets and fragments (concentrations in ppm).
Table 13. Individual determinations of antimony in the FBI’s run 4.
Table 14. Bullets and fragments analyzed by V. P. Guinn with NAA.
Table 15. Guinn’s NAA results for silver and antimony in bullets and fragments.
Table 16. Concentrations of Sb, Ag, and other elements in 36 lots of bullets.
Table 17. Masses (mg) of fragments received and analyzed.
Table 18. The 52 ways that five fragments can be grouped.
Table 19. The six scenarios and their probabilities.
Table 20. Calculation of the standard normal variate and cumulative distribution from Guinn's NAA of recovered bullet and fragments in the Kennedy and Connally shootings.
Table 21. Cumulative probability from the Gaussian distribution.
Table 22. Detailed ballistic calculations for fragments from the heat shot.
Figure 1. Original
locations of the five basic fragments.
Figure 1a. Forty-one slices of lead from 2.1 grains of extruded. [From page 278 of J. K. Lattimer, Kennedy and Lincoln, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1980.]
Figure 2. Gammy-ray spectrum of long-lived radionuclides after activating aerosol from a polluted urban area.
Figure 3. The FBI's graph of the concentration of antimony in the five basic fragments.
Figure 4. The FBI’s four sets of results for antimony in the JFK fragments.
Figure 5. Average antimony in the five basic fragments vs. the total mass of the fragments.
Figure 6. Average antimony in the basic fragments vs. the average mass per fragment analyzed.
Figure 7. Antimony in subfragments vs. mass of subfragments, all data.
Figure 8. Antimony in subfragments vs. mass of subfragments, each fragment plotted separately.
Figure 9. Guinn’s results for antimony vs. those of the FBI’s run 3.
Figure 10. Concentrations of antimony in 36 lots of bullets.
Figure 11. Concentrations of silver in 36 lots of bullets.
Figure 12. Scatterplot of Sb and Ag in WCC/MC bullets compared with other bullets and fragments from the assassination.
Figure 13. Scatterplot of Sb and Ag in fragments from the assassination compared with WCC/MC bullets and other bullets.
Figure 14. Guinn’s results for antimony and silver in the fragments.
Figure 15. Guinn’s results for antimony vs. the FBI’s four runs.
Figure 16. The aliquots taken from Q4 for the three sets of analyses.
Figure 17. Progressive decreases in weights of fragments with additional analyses.
Figure 18. Guinn’s results for antimony in quarters of three WCC/MC bullets.
Figure 18a. Schematicized "nuggets" of lead with Sb concentrations of C1, C2, and C3 within a vat of WCC/MC lead.
Figure 19. The scheme for calculating the probability that a little particle would fall randomly within its actual distance from a larger particle.
Figure 19a. Venn diagram for the four basic probabilities.
Figure 20. N-plot of Guinn's 14 measurements of antimony levels in WCC bullets made for the MC rifle.
Figure 20a. N-plot of Guinn's 14 antimony measurements on the natural log scale.
Figure 21. The characteristic heterogeneities of antimony in WCC/MC bullets, quarters, within fragments, and the two actual groups of fragments.
Figure 22. Numerical heterogeneities for antimony in WCC/MC bullets, quarters, within fragments, the two actual groups of fragments, and the uncertainties from NAA.
Figure 23. The two groups of assassination fragments, with uncertainties of 3% and confidence limits of 95%.
Figure 24. Deformation and fragmentation of jacketed bullets when entering gelatin. [Martin Fackler, as reproduced in Sellier and Kneubuehl, Wound Ballistics and the Scientific Background, Elsevier, 1994].
Figure 25. The three-point path of the head shot from Oswald's rifle to the fragments recovered from the car, as fixed by the NAA.
Figure 26. The three-point path of the body shot from Oswald's rifle to the thigh bullet CE 399 recovered from the stretcher in the hospital, as fixed by the NAA.
Figure 27. Map of Dealey Plaza showing the close alignment of Oswald’s rifle, Kennedy’s head, and James Tague at the moment of the fatal head shot. [From page 230 of Josiah Thompson's Six Seconds in Dallas, 1967, Bernard Geis Associates.]
Figure 28. Side view of the presidential limousine at Zapruder frame 313.
Figure 29. Vertical section through Dealey Plaza from the Dal-Tex Building to James Tague.
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