37. The unification of physical
evidence provided by these calculations
The physical evidence in the JFK case now speaks with one
voice. It provides an extremely strong framework inside which the assassination
must be interpreted. Here is its essence.
- The quick forward snap came from a shot from the rear.
- The initial rapid rearward lurch also came from a shot from the rear.
- Neither the forward snap nor the bulk of the lurch could have come from a
- The forward-moving diffuse cloud and large fragments also came from that
shot from the rear.
- Thus the Zapruder film provides no positive evidence for a second shooter,
and all but disallows one. One bullet from the rear created all the motions.
- One bullet also explains all the fragments from the head shot (in head, on
rear carpet, and in front seat).
- That bullet differed chemically from the bullet of the body shot
(Connally's wrist; Parkland stretcher).
- The two large fragments from the head shot came from Oswald's rifle to the
exclusion of all other rifles.
- The stretcher bullet (CE 399) also came from Oswald's rifle to the
exclusion of all other rifles.
- Thus every fragment and every motion came solely from two bullets from
- Oswald owned and possessed that rifle at the time of the assassination.
- He was earlier photographed holding the same rifle.
- His fingerprints were found on the rifle and the shipping cartons that were
used as a gun rest.
- No one else has been linked to the rifle or the shooting in any physical
- There were two sets of wounds in Kennedy's body and one set in Connally.
- No bullet was found in either man's body.
- Only two bullets were found externally, both shot from Oswald's rifle at
- Only two chemical compositions of the fragments were found, which grouped
with the two bullets.
- Thus the two bullets explain all the wounds to both men,
and indicate that they had been properly aligned for a double-body hit.
The link to Oswald
- Both the bullets found had come from Oswald's rifle.
- Oswald was in the building at the time (by his own admission to a
reporter, as documented in The Men Who Killed Kennedy, Reel 4,
- Empty shells from his rifle were found at the window through which the
rifle was shot.
- Oswald left the building abruptly after the shooting, returned to his
rooming house, got his pistol, and shortly thereafter used it to kill
Officer J. D. Tippit in cold blood.
- He fled the scene, hid in the Texas Theater, and tried to kill again as he
was being arrested.
All this evidence sums up to two bullets from Oswald's
rifle explaining everything. Two questions remain, whether he was the shooter
and whether he had help. The first can only be answered probabilistically, for
there is no direct hard evidence that he was the shooter. But the tight web of
circumstantial evidence provides a probability of >99%, and probably more
like 99.9%. It is not certain, however, and will probably never be certain. The
second question, concerning help, has been debated for nearly 40 years. It has
been investigated endlessly, without yielding anything definitive. Right now we
can say that the shooter did not need help and appears not to have received any.
Three shots. One missed everything, one hit the back instead of the head, and
the last came within an inch or so of missing the head. But they did the job,
and then the guy tried to run away.
The critical sequence of events
The evidence listed above produces the fir following series
- A shot from Oswald's rifle passed though both men's bodies, probably
around Z-224. It left fragments in Connally's wrist and was later retrieved
as CE 399.
- A second shot from Oswald's rifle hit in the right rear of Kennedy's head.
It took about 0.4 milliseconds to pass through. During this time the bullet
snapped the head forward, probably by at least 2 inches or so.
- The bullet first drilled a small hole in the rear of the skull. At that
point it deformed, and may have broken into two or three large fragments.
- As the bullet was passing through the brain and depositing energy there,
brain matter briefly passed rearward out the entrance wound (backspatter).
- The bullet or major fragments then broke though the right front side of
the skull, creating an exit wound and possibly further fragmenting.
- The act of creating the exit wound weakened or fractured the nearby skull
and prepared it for the coming explosion.
- The momentum of the exiting fragments forced brain matter through the exit
wound right after the fragments.
- The two large fragments exited with nearly the same trajectories and went
on to hit the windshield and chrome strip and bounce back into the front
- Meanwhile, the brain matter pushed radially outward by the tunneling
bullet continued toward the walls of the cranium. A "temporary
cavity" formed and oscillated in size for several milliseconds. At some
point, probably the first maximum, the high pressure exploded the cranium
and formed the large wound at the right side and top of the head.
- The explosion hurled large pieces of skull upward and forward. They were
followed by large amounts of brain matter in the same general direction. The
largest such piece, the Harper fragment, exited rapidly (313), slowed down
as it rose (313), reached an apex (314), and then began to fall (315). A
second shower of fragments exited at a lower angle, but also forward. A
broad, diffuse cloud of smaller fragments existed from at least 313 to 315.
- The exiting brain matter covered the limousine and passengers in front of
Kennedy. The forward momentum given to it by the explosion was balanced by
rearward momentum given to the body. This momentum accelerated the body
rearward to a speed of about 0.8 feet per second (at the top of the head).
This ended the mechanical phase of the head shot.
- The body continued to accelerate rearward during the next few frames, but
at a much smaller rate. The cause could not have been a continuing recoil
from the rear shot or any effect of a frontal shot. The only reasonable
remaining possibility is a reflexive stiffening of the back muscles.
- Kennedy then bounced off the rear seat and fell forward toward his wife.
- Oswald hurriedly left the building, went to his rooming house and picked
up his pistol, killed Officer J.D. Tippit in cold blood, and then tried to
kill again in the Texas Theater.
This simple scenario is now complete for all practical
purposes. Two shots from Oswald's rifle did everything at Dealey Plaza; four
shots from Oswald's pistol on the street in Oak Cliff. No help was needed or
allowed by the physical evidence. There is no any physical evidence that any was
given. This is now the documented story of the Dallas assassinations. Anything
more has remained speculation for nearly 40 years.
Ahead to Objections and Responses
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